Millions of people get exposed to biohazards every day without their knowledge. The reason for it is because many biohazards are part of our daily lives both at home and at work and thus we become used to it that we neglect the dangers they present. It is why there are professionals who offer biohazard cleanup services. They are trained to dispose of biohazardous waste safely and sanitize infected areas. But before we delve on further, what exactly are biohazards?
Examples of Biohazards
Human Body Fluids
Human body fluids include amniotic fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, pleural fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, saliva, vaginal discharge, and semen. Some of these fluids are too common that we do not consider them hazardous. But with an unknown source, they may bear diseases.
Human blood biohazard includes anything contaminated with blood and not just blood alone.
Pathological wastes include any anatomical part from autopsies or medical procedures. It includes unfixed human tissues excluding skin and other waste biopsy materials.
You can find these in laboratories and mostly include specimen cultures, viruses, and devices used to mix or transfer cultures.
Animal wastes are mostly body parts and carcasses as well as any bedding material used by any animal that is known to have pathogen infections.
Sharps wastes as the term implies involves sharp objects such as needles, IV tubing with a needle, scalpels, glass slides, and coverslips.
Steps to Take After Exposure to Biohazards
The first thing you need to do whenever exposed to any biohazards is to wash the exposed parts with warm water and soap. You need to ensure that you thoroughly wash cuts as well as needlestick injuries. You should also remove any exposed skin in the same way. It might look too simple but cleaning with soap and water, it minimizes infections as it washes away some bacteria.
If your sensitive body parts are exposed or splashed with a potentially dangerous or infectious fluid, then make sure to flush the area with water. These body parts include your eyes, nose, and mouth. They are considered to be more sensitive than other body parts and are prone to infections. These are also open entries to the inner body, and therefore if they are contaminated and unattended to, the risks of the disease or virus spreading throughout the body is higher and faster.
After performing first-aid on yourself or someone exposed, you need to get in touch with any medical service and inform them of the incident. These incidents may seem minor, but you do not know the risks it poses. It is better to make sure that a written episode is in place especially if it happened in your workplace or school.
You can quickly assess whether your exposure is minor or significant. If you think the waste is potentially infected, then it is better to go for a complete medical evaluation. It is best to ensure that you are safe from any infections or virus rather than not knowing and finding out about it when it gets worst already.